What Are Gingiva? The Histology of Gums
Gingiva are the tissues that surround and support your teeth. They cover the alveolar bone, which is the part of your jaw that holds your teeth in place. Gingiva are made up of several different types of tissue, including:
- gingival epithelium: a layer of cells that covers the gums and helps to keep them moist;
- connective tissue: provides strength and support to the gums;
- blood vessels: supply nutrients and oxygen to the gums; and
- nerves: provide sensation to the gums.
The gingiva are attached to your teeth by a layer of connective tissue called the periodontal ligament. This ligament helps to keep your teeth anchored in place. The dense fibrous tissue of the gingiva helps to protect your teeth from forces that would otherwise damage them.
Types of Gingiva
There are three types of gingival tissue: attached, interdental and marginal gingiva. Attached gingiva is the part of the gingiva that is attached to your teeth. This type covers the root of your tooth and extends up to the gum line.
Interdental gingiva is the tissue that lies between your teeth. It helps to keep food and plaque from building up between your teeth. Finally, marginal gingiva is the tissue that surrounds your teeth like a collar. This type of gingiva helps to protect the roots of your teeth from bacteria and other harmful substances. Its most superficial part is called the gingival margin.
Gingivitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It is a common condition that affects millions of people every year. Gingivitis is usually caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar is a hard substance that can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.
Gingivitis can also be caused by certain medical conditions, such as diabetes. Alternatively, it can be a side effect of certain medications, such as steroids. The symptoms of gingiva inflammation include:
- red, swollen gums;
- bleeding gums; and
- bad breath.
If you think you may have gingivitis, it is important to see a dentist or dental hygienist as soon as possible. It can be detrimental to your general health if left untreated. Gingivitis is a reversible condition, meaning it can be treated and cured.
The most common treatment is professional teeth cleaning. This involves removing plaque and tartar from your teeth with special instruments. In some cases, you may also need to take antibiotics to clear the infection.
Dental Implants and Gums – What You Should Know
If you are considering dental implants, it is important to have healthy gums. Dental implants are artificial teeth that are placed in the jawbone. They are anchored in place by metal posts. In order for dental implants to be successful, you need to have healthy gums and a strong jawbone.
If you have gingivitis, it is important to get treatment before considering dental implants. This is because gingivitis can weaken the gums and jawbone, making dental implants less likely to be successful.
Tips for Healthy Gums
There are several things you can do to keep your gums healthy:
- Brush your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush. Even better if you use an electric toothbrush!
- Floss your teeth every day. Even if you don’t see food stuck in your teeth, plaque can still build up between them.
- Eat a balanced diet and avoid sugary snacks. Sugar is the number one enemy of healthy gums!
- See your dentist or dental hygienist regularly for professional teeth cleanings and checkups. Oral hygiene is critical to keeping your gum tissue in good shape.
- Avoid tobacco products. Smoking is one common cause of gum disease.
If you follow these tips, you can help keep your gingiva healthy and prevent gingivitis. Gingivitis is a reversible condition, but it can turn into periodontitis if it is not treated. Periodontal disease is a more serious form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss. So, it is important to take care of your gums!
Is there anything else you would like to know about the gingiva? Let us know in the comments!
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