A Quick Anatomy Lesson: What Are Gingiva, and What Causes Them to Become Infected?

Most people know gingiva by their common name: gums. But do you know what tissues make up your gums, and what factors play into keeping them healthy? If you’re interested in learning more about the inside of your mouth, read on!

What Are Gingiva? The Histology of Gums

Gingiva are the tissues that surround and support your teeth. They cover the alveolar bone, which is the part of your jaw that holds your teeth in place. Gingiva are made up of several different types of tissue, including:

  • gingival epithelium: a layer of cells that covers the gums and helps to keep them moist;
  • connective tissue: provides strength and support to the gums;
  • blood vessels: supply nutrients and oxygen to the gums; and
  • nerves: provide sensation to the gums.

The gingiva are attached to your teeth by a layer of connective tissue called the periodontal ligament. This ligament helps to keep your teeth anchored in place. The dense fibrous tissue of the gingiva helps to protect your teeth from forces that would otherwise damage them.

Types of Gingiva

There are three types of gingival tissue: attached, interdental and marginal gingiva. Attached gingiva is the part of the gingiva that is attached to your teeth. This type covers the root of your tooth and extends up to the gum line.

Interdental gingiva is the tissue that lies between your teeth. It helps to keep food and plaque from building up between your teeth. Finally, marginal gingiva is the tissue that surrounds your teeth like a collar. This type of gingiva helps to protect the roots of your teeth from bacteria and other harmful substances. Its most superficial part is called the gingival margin.

READ ABOUT:  What Does a Cavity Look Like? Tooth Decay & Cavity Symptoms

Gingivitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It is a common condition that affects millions of people every year. Gingivitis is usually caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar is a hard substance that can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Gingivitis can also be caused by certain medical conditions, such as diabetes. Alternatively, it can be a side effect of certain medications, such as steroids. The symptoms of gingiva inflammation include:

  • red, swollen gums;
  • bleeding gums; and
  • bad breath.

If you think you may have gingivitis, it is important to see a dentist or dental hygienist as soon as possible. It can be detrimental to your general health if left untreated. Gingivitis is a reversible condition, meaning it can be treated and cured.

The most common treatment is professional teeth cleaning. This involves removing plaque and tartar from your teeth with special instruments. In some cases, you may also need to take antibiotics to clear the infection.

Dental Implants and Gums – What You Should Know

If you are considering dental implants, it is important to have healthy gums. Dental implants are artificial teeth that are placed in the jawbone. They are anchored in place by metal posts. In order for dental implants to be successful, you need to have healthy gums and a strong jawbone.

If you have gingivitis, it is important to get treatment before considering dental implants. This is because gingivitis can weaken the gums and jawbone, making dental implants less likely to be successful.

READ ABOUT:  Why Do My Teeth Hurt When I Eat Sweets?

Tips for Healthy Gums

There are several things you can do to keep your gums healthy:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush. Even better if you use an electric toothbrush!
  • Floss your teeth every day. Even if you don’t see food stuck in your teeth, plaque can still build up between them.
  • Eat a balanced diet and avoid sugary snacks. Sugar is the number one enemy of healthy gums!
  • See your dentist or dental hygienist regularly for professional teeth cleanings and checkups. Oral hygiene is critical to keeping your gum tissue in good shape.
  • Avoid tobacco products. Smoking is one common cause of gum disease.

If you follow these tips, you can help keep your gingiva healthy and prevent gingivitis. Gingivitis is a reversible condition, but it can turn into periodontitis if it is not treated. Periodontal disease is a more serious form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss. So, it is important to take care of your gums!

Is there anything else you would like to know about the gingiva? Let us know in the comments!

Similar Posts:
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Previous Article
prophylaxis dental

Prophylaxis (Dental): What to Expect From a Teeth Cleaning Appointment or Periodontal Probing?

Next Article
how much does it cost to fix a chipped tooth

How Much Does It Cost to Fix a Chipped Tooth? Fixing Teeth Cost

Related Posts