brown spot on tooth

Brown Spots on Tooth: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Did you know that your teeth can reveal a lot about your health? In fact, sometimes brown spots on teeth are the first sign of a problem. While most of the time these spots are harmless, it’s important to know what they mean and how to treat them. Read on to wind out more about brown spots on teeth.

What Causes Brown Stains on Teeth?

There are a variety of reasons why teeth may become stained or discolored. Some of the most common causes of a brown spot on a tooth include:

  • drinking coffee, tea, or red wine;
  • smoking cigarettes or using other tobacco products;
  • eating certain foods and drinks that can darken the teeth, such as soy sauce, curry, and berries;
  • not practicing good oral hygiene, which can lead to a build-up of plaque and bacteria on the teeth;
  • certain medications, such as tetracycline antibiotics, can cause staining in children whose teeth are still developing.

Tartar Buildup Can Cause Brown Spots

Brown spots on teeth can be unsightly and difficult to remove. In many cases, they are caused by tartar buildup. Tartar is a hard, yellow substance that forms when plaque is not removed from the surface of the teeth. When plaque is not removed, it continuously produces acids that eat away at tooth enamel. Over time, this can lead to the formation of brown spots.

In addition to being unsightly, tartar buildup can also lead to gum disease and tooth decay. Therefore, it is important to remove tartar from the teeth on a regular basis. This can be done through professional cleanings. By removing tartar buildup, you can help to keep your teeth healthy and free of brown spots.

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Underlying Medical Conditions That Cause Teeth to Turn Brown: Celiac Disease

Brown spots on teeth can be caused by a number of different factors. One common cause is celiac disease, which is an autoimmune disorder that damages the lining of the intestines. When celiac disease is left untreated, it can lead to malabsorption, which means that the body cannot properly absorb nutrients from food. This can lead to a number of problems, including the development of brown spots on teeth.

Enamel Hypoplasia

Enamel hypoplasia is another potential cause of brown spots on teeth. This condition develops when the enamel-forming cells are damaged, preventing the formation of healthy tooth enamel. As a result, the teeth are more susceptible to damage and staining.

Erosion of Tooth Enamel

Erosion of tooth enamel is another common cause of brown spots on teeth. This can occur due to a number of different factors, including acid reflux, eating disorders, and excessive alcohol consumption. Brushing your teeth too hard can also lead to erosion of tooth enamel.

Treatment for brown spots on teeth will vary depending on the underlying cause. If celiac disease is the cause, you will need to follow a strict gluten-free diet. If enamel hypoplasia is the cause, you may need to undergo dental bonding or veneers. If tooth erosion is the cause, you may need to use a fluoride mouthwash or toothpaste. You may also need to avoid acidic foods and drinks and brush your teeth more gently.

Dental Treatment Options to Remove Brown Spots on Teeth

If you have brown spots or stains on your teeth, there are a number of treatment options available. Your dentist will be able to recommend the best course of treatment based on the cause of the staining and the severity of the discoloration. Some common treatment options include:

  • teeth whitening;
  • veneers or bonding;
  • crowns or caps.
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Teeth Whitening

One popular option is teeth whitening. Whitening treatments use bleaching agents to break up the stains that cause brown spots, resulting in brighter, whiter teeth. Professional whitening treatments can be expensive, but there are also many at-home kits available that can produce excellent results.

Teeth Bonding

Another treatment option for brown spots on teeth is bonding. Bonding involves using a tooth-colored resin to cover the spots, giving the appearance of a more even smile. The downside of bonding is that it is not as long-lasting as whitening, and the results can sometimes look less natural. 

Crowns or Caps

In some cases, the spots may be the result of tooth decay or other damage to the tooth. In these cases, crowns or caps may be recommended by a dentist. Crowns are used to cover the entire tooth, while caps are used to cover just the portion of the tooth above the gum line. In either case, the restoration will help to protect the damaged tooth and improve its appearance.

Whichever treatment option you choose, it is important to consult with a dentist or other dental professional before proceeding. They will be able to assess the severity of your brown spots and help you choose the best course of action for your individual case.

Ways of Preventing Brown Spots on Teeth

There are a few things you can do to prevent brown spots from appearing on your teeth. First, it’s important to avoid foods and drinks that can stain your teeth, such as coffee, tea, and red wine. You should also brush your teeth twice a day and floss regularly to remove any plaque or food particles that could become stuck on your teeth and cause staining. 

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In addition, you can use a whitening toothpaste or mouthwash to help keep your teeth looking their best. It’s important to note that whitening products will not remove brown spots that have already formed on your teeth. However, they can help to prevent new ones from forming. 

Finally, it’s a good idea to see your dentist regularly for professional cleanings, which can remove any buildup on your teeth that could lead to staining.

Remember that brown spots may be caused by underlying medical conditions, so it’s always best to consult with your dentist if you are concerned about the appearance of your teeth. They can help to determine the cause of the spots and recommend the best course of treatment.

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